Astrology is not just about horoscopes. It has gained its reputation as a new age science, but astrology in fact is an ancient science that predates both psychology as well as astronomy. It is the study of relationship between planets and stars based on their specific positions. It is believed that there is a connection between the cosmos and terrestrial matters that affects the lives of human beings on earth. This calculation is made using intricate mathematical cycles. The history of astrology encompasses a large span of different cultures and human history.
The earliest known astrological records date back to 1645 BC. The first horoscopes were developed around 410 BC. The origin of astrology is traced to the ancient Babylonians directly or indirectly and then it spreads to other countries. Other locations and cultures where the earliest records of astrology have been found include Rome, Greece, and Egypt.
Rome had some ancient astrologers who wrote laws on the basis of the positions of stars and planets. Two emperors of Rome were famous astrologers as well. Greece had Ptolemy, who wrote influential astronomical and astrological texts. Egypt has the reputation of being the first nation that developed sophisticated calendar science based on astrological aspects.
The publication of various astrological texts started during the Renaissance period when literacy became widespread. Copernicus and Galileo, who are considered among the founders of the modern scientific movement, belonged to this era. They were also renowned astrologers. This encouraged the belief that there is a close relationship between science and astrology, but the belief shattered and astrology lost its credibility after the failure of the myriad predictions about the great conjunction of 1524.
With the surging scientific revolution, astrology fell by the wayside and astronomy gained reputation and popularity. During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, astrology enjoyed some small revivals, but it won back its lost reputation and popularity only after the birth of Princess Margaret in 1930. This year, an astrological profile of the princess was published in the London Sunday Express. This started a new trend for modern newspapers, as all of them started publishing a horoscope column on daily and weekly basis.
Sophisticated statistical studies by French astrologers Françoise and Michel Gauquelin found out that human nature is deeply influenced by the specific positions of different planets. This study is referred to as Humanistic Astrology, and it has been further expanded by other renowned astrologers like Dane Rudhyar.
The modern astrology has three branches, including the Chinese or East Asian astrology, Indian or Jyotish astrology, and Western astrology. The Western astrology has its origin in the ancient Babylonians. In the middle of the 4th century B.C, astrology found popularity in Greece, and before the advent of the Christian era, it reached Rome. Eventually, with the Hellenistic Indo-Greek kingdoms, astrology found its place in India. The modern astrology is divided into two camps - natural and judicial astrologers.
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