Vastu shastra is the ancient science of architecture. It originated in India. It forms a part of the text in the Vedas and is believed to be thousands of years old. The wise men of those times developed the science of vastu based on the movements of the sun.
Since it is technical in nature, initially it was only architects who were taught the principles of vastu. The architects then passed the knowledge verbally or through monographs that were hand written, from one generation of architects to another. The architects made observations and corrected and added to the texts wherever it was required. In the beginning, vastu was only used for temple and palace architecture. But it soon developed to encompass all the other forms of architecture, from homes to workplaces.
Apart from the Vedas, vastu is also mentioned in ancient texts and manuscripts such as the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Houses and cities in both these epics were said to have been built on vastu principles. Buddhist literature also contains references of buildings constructed on vastu tenets. Lord Buddha was believed to have told his disciples that overseeing the construction of buildings, homes or temples, was one of the duties of a Buddhist monk. Almost all temples, monasteries, multi-storeyed buildings and homes were built according to vastu. The use of vastu is also found in the excavations at Harappa and Mohenjadaro, both a part of the great Indus Valley civilization.
Vastu shastra is a science that places importance on the balance of energies. There are positive and negative energies in constant interplay on the earth. While constructing a building, these two forces are disturbed. Vastu helps in balancing out the disturbed forces for optimum benefit to the people living or working in these buildings.
Emphasis is also placed on the correct use of the five basic elements of earth, fire, sky, wind and water. For constructing a building, vastu is divided into four main categories:
This means that the use of vastu extends from choosing the right plot of land to the actual act of moving into the building. You will find vastu principles on selecting the land, planning and constructing the building, shape, size and proportion of the rooms and even on the interior decoration of the building.
With your house built on vastu principles, you can be assured of a calm and relaxed environment. The vibes in your home will be positive. This doesn't mean that all your problems and stresses in life will disappear. What it does mean is that you will be able to deal with all of those in a better way. You will be able to live a more balanced life.